Text Size:-+

Wine Tasting: My Techniques, Ratings, and Notes

A while back, someone who was interested in getting more formal about the way they taste wine asked me to tell them a little bit about how I do it -- my techniques, my ratings, etc. Here's a slightly extended version of my answer.

I use a 10 point system here at Vinography because that is the simplest system that makes sense to me. I don't believe in the 100 point rating system because, really, what is the difference between a 92 point and a 93 point wine? No one has ever been able to give me a reasonable answer to that question -- and certainly not one which I could then use to base my own judgments upon.

First, wine is so subjective and personal, and second, the enjoyment of it is so subject to the context of food, environment, emotion, etc. that rating it numerically is difficult enough to begin with -- trying to do it at a level of granularity required to support a 100 point rating scale amounts to splitting nonexistent hairs in my opinion.

My decision to use a 10 point system was based on the basic acceptance of the notion: "a perfect 10." Ten point rating systems seem to be very common across the globe for everything from gymnastics to scholastics. I briefly contemplated using the U.S. letter grading system (A thru F) but decided that might alienate some foreign readers, so 10 points is what I settled on. I use half points where necessary because there IS a fairly big difference between an 8 and a 9.

One of the most important things I do when I'm tasting wine seriously -- and by seriously I mean sitting down to taste 10 or more wines at a stretch, not just making notes about what I drank with dinner -- is prepare the day before. I have found that the amount of sleep I get the night before I taste makes a pretty significant difference in my sensory perception as well as the stamina of my palate.

I also try to taste after having eaten something, but not on a completely full stomach. When I'm going to wine tasting events, my favorite thing to do is eat a turkey and cheese sandwich (no onions) before I go. It's fairly neutral food, so it won't mess with my taste buds (onions, garlic, and very spicy foods will) and it keeps me from getting tipsy.

So when it comes to tasting, it's pretty simple. I make sure I have a clean glass, I pour a small amount of wine in the glass. I swirl it around to aerate it. I look at the color by tipping the wine glass away from me preferably against a light colored background. I stick my nose deep in the glass and smell the wine. I take a mouthful, swirl it around for a while. Sometimes its helpful to me to sort of gargle the wine in my mouth (with my lips closed) and exhale gently through my nose, which I find makes some flavors and aromas easier to pin down. Finally if I'm just tasting the wine for dinner, I swallow, but if I

At events where I'm tasting literally hundreds of wine, I like to eat mild cheese (often provided at such events), like Cheddar or Jack, to refresh my palate. I find that these cheeses clean my mouth of tannins from red wines as well as counter the acid from white wines.

Some people use a specialized tasting form, but I tend to make notes about wines everywhere all the time, so I just keep a specific format to my notes and scribble them wherever is convenient -- my notebook, my PDA, on a napkin, etc.

First, I write down the year, the name of the wine, and the producers, as well as where it's from. Then I write:


And I go about making notes next to each of those. In the section about the body of the wine, I also try to make notes about the finish (the aftertaste of the wine.

The other thing that I found helpful when I started doing more formal tasting is some sort of aroma wheel or card (there are various incarnations out there). I don't use one anymore mostly because I can't be bothered to drag one around with me all the time, but they are helpful. I'm considering designing a Vinography branded card that is sized so that it can be kept in a wallet or a purse easily.

I'm a huge advocate of formal blind tasting of wine, not just as the most objective way to evaluate wines, but as the best way to develop your palate and learn a lot about wines. Whenever I hold wine tasting evenings with my friends, we always taste blind (each person wraps the wine they bring in a paper bag, taped at the neck of the bottle).

I also recommend having as many glasses as you do wines to taste. This way you can go back to earlier wines as well as compare and contrast different wines together. The trick is keeping the glasses in the right order, and making sure everyone (if you're doing a group tasting) fills their glasses in the same order at the beginning.

I have no strong opinions about tasting glasses -- I don't buy into the commercial hype about "special" tasting glasses. I typically use Bordeaux or Burgundy style glasses which have rims that are somewhat smaller in diameter than the bowl of the glass, but are big enough for me to stick my (not so small) nose into.

When I first started doing this (being structured and disciplined about tasting wine) it seemed really geeky to me, and to a certain extent, it still does. It can be a little awkward when you're out with some friends or business colleagues, and if you're a little self-conscious it can be a bit embarrassing. I usually offer a slight self-deprecating apology about how I do this obsessively, I have a web site, blah blah, and just get it over with so that I can focus on the food and the company. When I was dating, I always tried to do it when my date went to the restroom, and if I couldn't I always tried to rope them into the process, so at least there weren't awkward moments where my date was sitting around waiting for me to finish my note taking.

You should go about tasting wine in whatever way is the most comfortable for you, and with the amount of formality that you think is appropriate. Being consistent about how you do it, however, will go a long way towards helping you improve you abilities to evaluate wines.

Comments (9)

enoch choi wrote:
11.28.04 at 10:43 PM

the best way is to blog it ;)

scott wrote:
11.29.04 at 10:39 AM

I'm a young'in foodie just getting into wine. i think i have a relatively able palatte, but i really struggle to put verbal phrases and adjectives to what i am tasting when i drink a wine. do you have any suggestions for improving my taste bud/verbal connections?

(by the way, i'd love to see a vinography taste/aroma wheel)

Yvette wrote:
11.29.04 at 3:58 PM

I'm now trying to put my thoughts on wine into words that would make sense to another person. It's difficult, but I will try nonetheless.

With that said, I really love your writing style and tasting notes. I like how you give some background into a particular winery and then go into describing one or more of their wines. It's very enjoyable reading.

Alder wrote:
11.29.04 at 8:33 PM


The aroma wheel helps -- I suggest you get one, or if you don’t mind waiting until I have a little free time over the holidays, I'll send you one. As a species we're not really good at putting names to things in a vacuum -- most people given three orange colored balls of ice cream have a hard time picking out which is peach, which is mango, and which is orange (I've really done this experiment -- it's hard). However, we're very good at making associations -- if given a spoonful of ice cream blindfolded and asked to choose which of three flavors it is, we are MUCH more likely to get it right. Our brains make connections between information we are given and information we recall much better than straight recall. Hence the use of the tasting wheel.

Beyond that, I would say the best thing to do is read food writers -- we are all sponges and there's nothing like sitting down for a while to read someone who is really passionate about food and who writes well. Imitate them, or at least think about bringing a bit of their style into your descriptions, or just ask yourself, what would _________ say about this wine? This isn't about copying someone, it's just about exploring ranges of expression. Boticcelli spent years copying other master painters at the academy before he went off to make his own work.

The final recommendations is just taste more. And try to pay attention. Focus, and be diligent about it. Hope that helps !!

Alder wrote:
11.29.04 at 8:38 PM

Yvette, thanks for the compliments -- I'm glad you enjoy reading my stuff. Keep it up! :-)

Lenn wrote:
11.30.04 at 7:53 AM

Alder...as always...great post. I've been devising my own "formal" rating/notes system lately...wanting to become much more formal with it. Just hearing how you came up with things is a big help!

Tom wrote:
11.30.04 at 9:18 PM

Interesting thing about the 100 point scale...it's really only a 20 point scale isn't it.

Think about it, what percent of the wines reviewed by the Wine Spectator, Enthusiast, Parker, Wine & Spirits, Wine News, etc every give out anything less than 80 points?

And while an 80 point wine is supposed to be respectable, no one gives them any consideration. There was a time when the Wine Spectator would give the occassional wine something in the 60 point range. I even recall a wine rated in the 50s. I always found these among the most interesting reviews to read.

But anyway, given the fact that the 100 point people don't give half points, how is a 10 point scale that much different from a 100 point (read: 20 point) scale. Something I've pondered.

Nice post.

Alder wrote:
12.01.04 at 10:31 PM

Thanks for your comments. I occasionally throw in a wine that I rated a 6 or so, mostly when it is a wine that I thought would be a lot better. Originally I set out to review EVERY wine I tasted, but it’s a lot of effort to review a wine the way I do it, and wasting my energy on those I'm telling you not to drink seemed just too much.

Excellent observations about the 100 point scale.

素人 wrote:
09.04.05 at 8:59 PM


Comment on this entry

(will not be published)
(optional -- Google will not follow)

Type the characters you see in the picture above.

Buy My Book!

small_final_covershot_dropshadow.jpg A wine book like no other. Photographs, essays, and wine recommendations. Learn more.

Follow Me On:

Twitter Facebook Pinterest Instagram Delectable Flipboard

Most Recent Entries

Highlights from Tasting Champagne with the Masters Off to Portugal for a Drink Vinography Images: Hazy Afternoon The Dark Queen of Châteauneuf-du-Pape: Domaine du Pégau Does California Have Too Many AVAs? Vinography Unboxed: Week of October 26, 2014 Vinography Images: Shades of Autumn 16th Annual Pinot Fest: November 22, 2014 Hang out with the World's Top Wine Writers. For Free. Vinography Unboxed: Week of October 19, 2014

Favorite Posts From the Archives

Masuizumi Junmai Daiginjo, Toyama Prefecture Wine.Com Gives Retailers (and Consumers) the Finger 1961 Hospices de Beaune Emile Chandesais, Burgundy Wine Over Time The Better Half of My Palate 1999 Királyudvar "Lapis" Tokaji Furmint, Hungary What's Allowed in Your Wine and Winemaking Why Community Tasting Notes Sites Will Fail Appreciating Wine in Context The Soul vs. The Market 1989 Fiorano Botte 48 Semillion,Italy

Archives by Month


Required Reading for Wine Lovers

The Oxford Companion to Wine by Jancis Robinson The Taste of Wine by Emile Peynaud Adventures on the Wine Route by Kermit Lynch Love By the Glass by Dorothy Gaiter & John Brecher Noble Rot by William Echikson The Science of Wine by Jamie Goode The Judgement of Paris by George Taber The Wine Bible by Karen MacNeil The Botanist and the Vintner by Christy Campbell The Emperor of Wine by Elin McCoy The World Atlas of Wine by Hugh Johnson The World's Greatest Wine Estates by Robert M. Parker, Jr.